VHS (Video Home System) is the industry standard for analog video cassette recording. It was released in Japan on September 9, 1976, and in the United States on August 23, 1977, and it was developed in the early 1970s by the Victor Company of Japan (JVC).
VHS Player has made a significant contribution to the television business since 1950, thanks to the first commercial VHS. Expensive gadgets were exclusively employed in professional settings such as television studios and medical imaging at the time (fluoroscopy).
In the 1970s, videotape became a hotspot, spawning a national video industry and altering the economics of the television and film industries.
The television industry saw VCR as a threat to their business, whilst television users saw VCR as a method to take control of their viewing experience.
In the home video industry between 1970 and 1980, there was a format war. The VHS and Betamax standards garnered the most media attention. VHS eventually won the war, controlling 60% of the North American market in 1980 and becoming the dominant home video format during the filming era.
Later, optical disc formats, such as VHS Player and S-VHS, began to offer higher quality than analog videocassettes. Laser-disc, the earliest of these media, was not extensively accepted in Europe, but was immensely popular in Japan and less successful in the United States.
However, following the launch of the DVD format in 1996, VHS Player’s market share began to drop. In the United States, DVD rental surpassed VHS Player by 2003, and by 2008, DVD had surpassed VHS Player as the favored means of low-level distribution.
Funai, the last firm in the world to make a VHS Player (DVD Combo Video Recorder), discontinued production in July 2016, claiming decreased demand and issues obtaining parts.
VHS Player Development
Shizuo Takano and Yuma Shiraishi of JVC collaborated in 1971 to create a consumer VHS player and VCR.
They devised an internal system called the “VHS Development Matrix” towards the end of 1971, which specified twelve goals for the new JVC VHS Player:
- The system must be compatible with any normal television, and the visual quality must be comparable to that of a typical aerial broadcast.
- The tape’s recording capacity must be at least two hours.
- Machine belts must be replaceable.
- The entire system should be adaptable, which means it may be altered and expanded, for as by adding a camcorder or copying between two recorders.
- Loggers should be inexpensive, simple to operate, and require little maintenance.
- Recorders must be able to generate in huge quantities, have interchangeable parts, and be simple to maintain.
The Japanese commercial video recording sector experienced a financial setback in 1972. JVC reduced its budget and restructured its video section, abandoning the VHS Player project.
Despite the absence of money, Takano and Shiraishi worked on the project in secret. Two engineers created a functioning prototype in 1973.
VHS Player Recording Capacity
The VHS Player tape has a maximum tape capacity of about 430m (1410ft) with the thinnest allowable tape thickness, giving a full playtime of about four hours on the T-240 / DF480 for NTSC and five hours on the E-300 for PAL with “standard playback” (SP) quality.
VHS tapes, on the other hand, are typically thicker than the minimum required to avoid issues such as video jams or cracks. Other speeds include “long play,” “extended play,” and “super long play” (standard on NTSC; rarely found on PAL machines).
It doubles and triples the recording time for NTSC, LP, and EP/SLP, respectively.
Nonetheless, these speed decreases result in a decrease in horizontal resolution, from the normal equivalent of 250 vertical scan lines in the SP to 1′ equal to 230 inches in the LP, and even less on EP/SLP. Slower speeds also result in a significant loss in linear sound quality.
SP and LP VHS timeline Physically, NTSC and PAL/SECAM VHS tapes are the same. However, because tape speeds change between NTSC and PAL/SECAM, the playing time of any video will vary.
Manufacturers specify the projected playing duration in minutes in the market where the tape is sold.
It is feasible to record and play a blank T-XXX video on a PAL device or an E-XXX tape on an NTSC device, but the playing duration will be different.
How do VHS Player work?
VHS is a video recording format that has outperformed the rival “Betamax” format. A VHS Player (or VCR) is a device that records television shows on magnetic tape. They were used to record TV episodes for subsequent viewing between 1980 and 1990. The majority of films are sold in this format.
In a plastic container, the VHS cassette has a rewind tape. The VHS Player’s motor continuously winds the video from one winding to the next.
It is reproducing while hovering above its head.
It reads magnetic tape signals and converts them into audio and video signals for transmission to televisions. The inbuilt modulator in most VHS players transformed AV signals to the same format as an analog TV channel.
For registration, a similar reverse approach was used. The incoming TV signal has been decoded into audio and video by the inbuilt VHS Player. The electromagnetic signal was imprinted on the tape as it moved through the machine after any existing material on the tape was erased. Most VHS players may record from external sources as well as its tuner.
Countdown recording was supported by all VHS players except the oldest and cheapest.
So you can save the shows you’ve read when you’re not around. Later versions programmed the timestamps using an internal computer.
Other than “at 7:30 pm, recording channel 3 for 60 minutes,” there was generally no fictitious control. However, you can record many performances by setting up multiple repeat shots. Some had a memory that allowed you to schedule reruns at different times of day.
If you’re certain there’s a blank cassette in the machine, you won’t miss an episode of Fresh Prince. When the analog television is switched off, the VHS Player stops working.
Because your internal analog tuner can no longer decode digital TV signals, you can no longer set it up for self-recording.
I can record from an external decoder, satellite device, or other source, however this requires adjusting the external source to the correct channel and configuring the VHS Player for recording.
What Is the Difference Between a VHS and a VCR Player?
VHS cassettes are played by the vast majority of VCRs on the market.
In practice, there isn’t much of a difference between VHS and VCR. VHS is a videotape cassette format, whereas VCR refers to a type of device. However, with the demise of Sony’s Betamax format for household videocassettes, almost all VCRs exclusively play VHS tapes, and almost all videocassettes are in the VHS format. As a result, the terms are frequently used interchangeably.
JVC invented the “video home system” analog recording format in 1976. The device records up to six hours of video footage with 240 lines of horizontal and 486 lines of vertical resolution, as well as a stereo sound track, on a half-inch wide magnetic tape. The format was designed to be inexpensive, simple to use, and compatible with a wide range of video cameras and cassette players, and by the 1990s it had become the global video standard.
In contrast to the previous video tape recorder, which used reel-to-reel tapes, a video cassette recorder is any device that plays and records videotapes that are preloaded onto cassettes.
The initial VCR for the home market used Sony Betamax cassettes, but the arrival of the first VHS-compatible VCR in 1977 marked the beginning of the VHS cassette format’s climb to dominance.
VHS Takes Over
The Betamax and VHS formats competed for market domination in the 1980s, but the VHS standard eventually won out for a variety of reasons. VHS machines were significantly easier and less expensive to manufacture, thus consumers preferred the lower-priced VHS VCRs. VHS cassettes could also record a whole movie, whereas Betamax tapes could only record for one hour. As the quantity of VHS machines on the market increased, less commercial content was available on Betamax, increasing customer preference for VHS even further.
Sony discontinued manufacturing Betamax tapes in the United States in 1993.
Alternative Cassette Formats
Since the VHS, several cassette formats have emerged, and cassette players have been developed to accept them, however none have achieved the commercial penetration of VHS VCRs. Sony’s Video8 format, for example, was a compact cassette that fit neatly into a camcorder. The DAT format enabled digital recording on compact cassettes, and certain camcorders and VCRs were sold with them. While DVD-R has essentially overtaken videotape in the home entertainment industry, the majority of existing VCRs only support VHS.
How to Dispose of VHS Tapes
VHS, an abbreviation for “Video Home System,” was previously the industry standard for home movies. However, as new formats such as DVD and Blu-ray arrived, VHS fell out of favor, and the latest shift toward in-home streaming has left the VHS format obsolete – or, at the very least, outmoded. When it comes to getting rid of old VHS cassettes, the trash bin isn’t always the best option.
Step 1: Deliver the VHS tapes to a facility that will deconstruct them for recycling. VHS tapes are made up of many different parts, and while the plastic casing is recyclable, the Mylar tape within contains dangerous metals and is not.
This tape is the reason you shouldn’t throw away VHS cassettes; the chemicals on the tape will degrade and leak into the ground. GreenDisk and ACT (links in Resources) are two organizations that accept VHS tapes for recycling and separate the garbage from the reclaimable components.
Step 2: Give your VHS cassettes to a local thrift shop. While your family may have outgrown VHS, other houses may still use it for amusement. VHS cassettes sold at a thrift store can allow another family to enjoy your old movies while also earning funds for charity such as The Salvation Army or locally run charities.
Step 3: Repurpose your old VHS tapes into something new and fascinating.
The Internet is brimming with creative ideas for repurposing obsolete tapes into furniture, accessories, apparel, and art. It takes a little do-it-yourself energy, but creative crafters have plenty of possibilities.
VHS Video Tapes: How to Sell Them
VHS videotapes are old technology, but like anything else, they have a cult following of users and collectors.
VHS videotapes are old technology, but like anything else, they have a cult following of users and collectors. Vinyl records, for example, have been displaced by a slew of newer and more convenient technologies, yet records have undergone a rebirth in popularity and are highly treasured by a tiny group of devoted fans.
Selling used VHS tapes for cash requires market research, pricing strategies, and sales methods that turn obsolete cassettes into profit.
Finding Viable Markets for Old Videotapes
VHS cassettes necessitate the use of a VHS player, which is uncommon in current houses. As a result, the market is specialized and limited to collectors or users who own a player. VHS players are sometimes kept by owners to play old home recordings or videos that are no longer in production, despite the fact that transferring VHS to DVD or digital formats is possible.
The most popular places to sell VHS tapes are online. EBay is an excellent place to start, especially if you have a large collection. Craigslist is yet another viable method for selling VHS tapes in bulk in local marketplaces.
There are other other auction and online classifieds sites, but eBay and Craigslist are two of the most popular, and they provide an ideal method of selling the tapes. They are simple to use and allow you to list the tapes individually or as part of a group sale.
Selling the recordings in person rather than online is another viable option. Potential customers can be found through word of mouth, so ask coworkers and friends to find interested parties. A traditional garage sale is an excellent opportunity to sell VHS tapes while also clearing out other unwanted stuff from your home.
Pawnshops and resale businesses are good places to sell VHS cassettes quickly.
Going this way gives you less price control, and not every retailer buys them, so phone ahead to gauge interest.
Hitting Price Points
Pricing VHS tapes is difficult and necessitates market study. Comparing prices on eBay is the simplest way to determine value. Take note of the condition, the sort of movies and material, and the final selling price – not the asking price. When selling on Craigslist or at a garage sale, the sales process is usually negotiable. The ability to sell VHS cassettes in bulk reduces workload by allowing multiples to be offloaded in a single transaction.
The condition has an impact on the price, especially for collectors. Tapes that have been heavily used lose their performance capabilities and value.
The highest rates are paid for unplayed VHS tapes in their original packaging. Out-of-print films that were never sold on DVD maintain more value; these tapes are frequently uncommon and collectible.
Look for the Disney Black Diamond edition VHS tapes. These videotapes can be sold for quite high prices on Amazon, eBay, or any other auction site.
Wait or Donate?
Some VHS tapes are valuable, but the vast majority are worth very little or nothing at all. Because VHS players are becoming increasingly scarce, it is popular for people to donate them to charitable organizations. Consider donating the tapes if they are well-used and not highly prized.
VHS contributions may be accepted by Goodwill or local thrift stores, while some may decline owing to resale market constraints.
The other alternative is to wait for the value to rise. VHS tapes, like vinyl records, will become scarce over time, and their value may skyrocket at some point. There is no guarantee, but waiting for VHS cassettes in perfect condition is a risk worth taking. Rare films are strong candidates for future value. Blank tapes or ones that are easily available in newer formats will always be less valuable.
Can I still purchase a VHS player?
The short answer is that you cannot purchase new VCRs.
Funai Electric, the final remaining VHS player producer after all other big tech companies had stopped making them, produced the last VCR in 2016.
How can I currently play VHS tapes?
HDMI Adapter Box: The simplest method for playing VHS tapes on a big screen would cost you around $30. The converter box converts the signal from a set of RCA or S-Video cables and feeds it to your TV via an HDMI connection without quality loss.
Is VCR the same as VHS?
VHS is a videotape cassette format, whereas VCR refers to a type of device.
However, with the demise of Sony’s Betamax format for household videocassettes, almost all VCRs exclusively play VHS tapes, and almost all videocassettes are in the VHS format.
How can I play VHS cassettes on my laptop?
The simple answer is no. There is no straightforward way to watch the contents of a VHS tape on a computer. Digitization is the only way to watch a VHS tape on a computer. Digitization is the process of converting analog media such as VHS tapes to digital media.
Do VHS/DVD combination players still exist?
The Samsung DVD-VR375 DVD Recorder – VCR Combination is one of the few DVD Recorder/VHS VCR combos that can still be purchased new if you shop around, but it’s quite pricey.
Can I still purchase a VHS player?
The short answer is that you cannot purchase new VCRs. Funai Electric, the final remaining VHS player producer after all other big tech companies had stopped making them, produced the last VCR in 2016.
Can VHS movies be converted to DVD?
A DVD recorder/VHS VCR combo can be used to copy VHS to DVD. This method is comparable to Option 1, but it is simpler because the VCR and DVD recorder are combined into a single unit. This implies that no additional connection cords are necessary. Another advantage of having a DVD recorder/VHS VCR combo is that most offer a cross-dubbing option.